Caffe CPU-only Installation on macOS 10.13.5 High Sierra 2018-06-19

2018年6月19日 1 作者 Manchery

安装环境:macos,没有英伟达GPU,没有anaconda python

声明:不保证能生效,仅记录自己的过程

踩了点坑,记录下安装过程

先安装依赖项目

brew install --fresh -vd snappy leveldb gflags glog szip lmdb opencv hdf5
brew install --build-from-source --with-python --fresh -vd protobuf
brew install --build-from-source --fresh -vd boost boost-python

然后git下来 caffe

git clone https://github.com/BVLC/caffe.git
cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config

需要改一下 Makefile.config

主要有

  • Uncomment CPU_ONLY := 1
  • Uncomment OPENCV_VERSION := 3
  • comment USE_CUDNN := 1, CUDA_DIR := /usr/local/cuda and CUDA_ARCH=… lines
  • 改一下Python的路径,不使用系统自带的python,会在import的时候segerror
    PYTHON_INCLUDE := /usr/local/Cellar/python@2/2.7.15_1/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 \
    /usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include
    PYTHON_LIB := /usr/local/Cellar/python@2/2.7.15_1/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib

完整 Makefile.config

## Refer to http://caffe.berkeleyvision.org/installation.html
# Contributions simplifying and improving our build system are welcome!

# cuDNN acceleration switch (uncomment to build with cuDNN).
# USE_CUDNN := 1

# CPU-only switch (uncomment to build without GPU support).
CPU_ONLY := 1

# uncomment to disable IO dependencies and corresponding data layers
# USE_OPENCV := 0
# USE_LEVELDB := 0
# USE_LMDB := 0

# uncomment to allow MDB_NOLOCK when reading LMDB files (only if necessary)
#  You should not set this flag if you will be reading LMDBs with any
#  possibility of simultaneous read and write
# ALLOW_LMDB_NOLOCK := 1

# Uncomment if you're using OpenCV 3
OPENCV_VERSION := 3

# To customize your choice of compiler, uncomment and set the following.
# N.B. the default for Linux is g++ and the default for OSX is clang++
# CUSTOM_CXX := g++

# CUDA directory contains bin/ and lib/ directories that we need.
# CUDA_DIR := /usr/local/cuda
# On Ubuntu 14.04, if cuda tools are installed via
# "sudo apt-get install nvidia-cuda-toolkit" then use this instead:
# CUDA_DIR := /usr

# CUDA architecture setting: going with all of them.
# For CUDA < 6.0, comment the *_50 through *_61 lines for compatibility.
# For CUDA < 8.0, comment the *_60 and *_61 lines for compatibility.
# For CUDA >= 9.0, comment the *_20 and *_21 lines for compatibility.
#CUDA_ARCH := -gencode arch=compute_20,code=sm_20 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_20,code=sm_21 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_30,code=sm_30 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_35,code=sm_35 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_50,code=sm_50 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_52,code=sm_52 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_60,code=sm_60 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_61,code=sm_61 \
#      -gencode arch=compute_61,code=compute_61

# BLAS choice:
# atlas for ATLAS (default)
# mkl for MKL
# open for OpenBlas
BLAS := atlas
# Custom (MKL/ATLAS/OpenBLAS) include and lib directories.
# Leave commented to accept the defaults for your choice of BLAS
# (which should work)!
# BLAS_INCLUDE := /path/to/your/blas
# BLAS_LIB := /path/to/your/blas

# Homebrew puts openblas in a directory that is not on the standard search path
# BLAS_INCLUDE := $(shell brew --prefix openblas)/include
# BLAS_LIB := $(shell brew --prefix openblas)/lib

# This is required only if you will compile the matlab interface.
# MATLAB directory should contain the mex binary in /bin.
# MATLAB_DIR := /usr/local
# MATLAB_DIR := /Applications/MATLAB_R2012b.app

# NOTE: this is required only if you will compile the python interface.
# We need to be able to find Python.h and numpy/arrayobject.h.
PYTHON_INCLUDE := /usr/local/Cellar/python@2/2.7.15_1/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 \
        /usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include
# Anaconda Python distribution is quite popular. Include path:
# Verify anaconda location, sometimes it's in root.
# ANACONDA_HOME := $(HOME)/anaconda
# PYTHON_INCLUDE := $(ANACONDA_HOME)/include \
        # $(ANACONDA_HOME)/include/python2.7 \
        # $(ANACONDA_HOME)/lib/python2.7/site-packages/numpy/core/include

# Uncomment to use Python 3 (default is Python 2)
# PYTHON_LIBRARIES := boost_python3 python3.5m
# PYTHON_INCLUDE := /usr/include/python3.5m \
#                 /usr/lib/python3.5/dist-packages/numpy/core/include

# We need to be able to find libpythonX.X.so or .dylib.
PYTHON_LIB := /usr/local/Cellar/python@2/2.7.15_1/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib
# PYTHON_LIB := $(ANACONDA_HOME)/lib

# Homebrew installs numpy in a non standard path (keg only)
# PYTHON_INCLUDE += $(dir $(shell python -c 'import numpy.core; print(numpy.core.__file__)'))/include
# PYTHON_LIB += $(shell brew --prefix numpy)/lib

# Uncomment to support layers written in Python (will link against Python libs)
# WITH_PYTHON_LAYER := 1

# Whatever else you find you need goes here.
INCLUDE_DIRS := $(PYTHON_INCLUDE) /usr/local/include
LIBRARY_DIRS := $(PYTHON_LIB) /usr/local/lib /usr/lib

# If Homebrew is installed at a non standard location (for example your home directory) and you use it for general dependencies
# INCLUDE_DIRS += $(shell brew --prefix)/include
# LIBRARY_DIRS += $(shell brew --prefix)/lib

# NCCL acceleration switch (uncomment to build with NCCL)
# https://github.com/NVIDIA/nccl (last tested version: v1.2.3-1+cuda8.0)
# USE_NCCL := 1

# Uncomment to use `pkg-config` to specify OpenCV library paths.
# (Usually not necessary -- OpenCV libraries are normally installed in one of the above $LIBRARY_DIRS.)
# USE_PKG_CONFIG := 1

# N.B. both build and distribute dirs are cleared on `make clean`
BUILD_DIR := build
DISTRIBUTE_DIR := distribute

# Uncomment for debugging. Does not work on OSX due to https://github.com/BVLC/caffe/issues/171
# DEBUG := 1

# The ID of the GPU that 'make runtest' will use to run unit tests.
TEST_GPUID := 0

# enable pretty build (comment to see full commands)
Q ?= @

还得修改 Makefile

找到 boost_python 改成 boost_python27,不然会报错 “

接下来

make all
make test
make runtest
for req in $(cat python/requirements.txt); do pip install $req; done
make pycaffe
make distribute
open ~/.bash_profile
export PYTHONPATH=~/caffe/python:$PYTHONPATH

应该就好了,我还没有测试过,只是python能用了